NURS 5990: Nursing Capstone
"Citation chaining" is a way of searching both backward and forward in the literature to find more relevant articles using a single article as a starting point. One relevant article links you to another which links you to another to create a chain of relevant literature. This is a useful technique when you are working on a literature review.
Backwards vs. Forward Citation Searching
The list of works cited by a scholar gives you a snapshot of the thinking and research available at the time the research was published. It tells you what sources, ideas, theories have shaped and influenced a researcher. Looking at the list of all sources cited by an author is called "backward citation searching".
Finding out whether an article was cited by authors after its publication will help you assess the importance of that article and how it has shaped subsequent research and scholarship. This is called "forward citation searching". Some databases include information about who cited a particular reference. Look for "Cited by" or "Times Cited" features. You can also use Google Scholar.
Photo credit to Bonnie Swoger, http://undergraduatesciencelibrarian.org
Forward Citation Searching
Use Google Scholar as a resource for citation searching, search for the title of the book or article. Choose the Cited by link. The resulting list will include articles and websites that cite the original work as well as books scanned through the Google Books project.